Publications

Reviews
  1. Bouton, M. E., Maren, S., and McNally, G. P. (2021). Behavioral and neurobiological mechanisms of Pavlovian and instrumental extinction learning. Physiological Reviews, 101:611-681. doi: 10.1152/physrev.00016.2020.
  2. Haaker, J., Maren, S., Andreatta, M., Merz, C. J., Richter, J., Richter, H. S., Drexler, S. M., Lange, M, Jüngling, K, Nees, F., Seidenbecher, T., Fullana., M. A., Wotjak, C. and Lonsdorf, T. B. (2019). Making translation work: Harmonizing cross-species methodology in the behavioural neuroscience of Pavlovian fear conditioning. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 107:329-345. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.09.020.
  3. Miles, O. W. and Maren, S. (2019). Role of the bed nucleus of the stria terminals in PTSD: Insights from preclinical models. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 13:68. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00068. 
  4. Ressler, R. L. and Maren, S. (2019). Synaptic encoding of fear memories in the amygdala. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 54:54-59.
  5. Goode, T. D. and Maren, S. (2018). Common neurocircuitry mediating drug and fear relapse in preclinical models. Psychopharmacology (Berl), doi: 10.1007/s00213-018-5024-3.
  6. Giustino, T. F. and Maren, S. (2018). Noradrenergic modulation of fear conditioning and extinction. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 12:1-12.
  7. Moscarello, J. M. and Maren, S. (2018). Flexibility in the face of fear: Hippocampal-prefrontal regulation of fear and avoidance. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 19:44-49.
  8. Goode, T. D. and Maren, S. (2017). The role of the bed nucleus of the stria terminals in aversive learning and memory. Learning & Memory, 24:480-91.
  9. Giustino, T. J., Fitzgerald, P. J., and Maren, S. (2016).  Revisiting propranolol and PTSD:  Memory erasure or extinction enhancement? Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 130:26-33.
  10. Maren, S. and Holmes, A. (2016). Stress and fear extinction. Neuropsychopharmacology, 4:58-79.
  11. Jin, J. and Maren, S. (2015). Prefrontal-hippocampal interactions in memory and emotion. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 9:170.
  12. Giustino, T. F. and Maren, S. (2015). The role of the medial prefrontal cortex in the conditioning and extinction of fear. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 9:298.
  13. Maren, S. (2015). Out with the old and in with the new: Synaptic mechanisms of extinction in the amygdala. Brain Research, 1621:231-238. 
  14. Goode, T. D. and Maren, S. (2014). Animal models of fear relapse. ILAR Journal, 55:246-58. 
  15. Maren, S. (2014). Nature and causes of the immediate extinction deficit: a brief review. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 113:19-24.
  16. Fitzgerald, P. J., Seemann, J. R., and Maren, S. (2014). Can fear extinction be enhanced? A review of pharmacological and behavioral findings.  Brain Research Bulletin, 105:46-60.
  17. Maren, S., Phan, K. L., and Liberzon, I. (2013). The contextual brain: Implications for fear conditioning, extinction and psychopathology. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 14:417-428. 
  18. Orsini, C. A. and Maren, S. (2012). Neural and cellular mechanisms of fear and extinction memory formation. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 36:1773-802.
  19. Maren, S. (2011).  Seeking a spotless mind:  Extinction, deconsolidation, and erasure of fear memory. Neuron, 70:830-45.
  20. Maren, S. (2008).  Pavlovian fear conditioning as a behavioral assay for hippocampus and amygdala function: cautions and caveats.  European Journal of Neuroscience, 28:1661-6.
  21. Ji, J. and Maren, S. (2007). Hippocampal involvement in contextual modulation of fear extinction. Hippocampus, 17:749-758.
  22. Maren, S. (2007). The threatened brain. Science, 317:1043-1044. 
  23. Bouton, M. E., Westbrook, R. F., Corcoran, K. A., and Maren, S. (2006). Contextual and temporal modulation of extinction: Behavioral and biological mechanisms. Biological Psychiatry, 60:352-360.
  24. Maren, S. (2005). Synaptic mechanisms of associative memory in the amygdala. Neuron, 47:783-786.
  25. Maren, S. (2005). Building and burying fear memories in the brain. The Neuroscientist, 11, 89-99. 
  26. Maren, S. and Quirk, G. J. (2004). Neuronal signalling of fear memory. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 5:844-852.
  27. Maren, S.  (2003). The amygdala, synaptic plasticity, and fear memory. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences,985:106-113. 
  28. Maren, S. (2003). What the amygdala does and doesn’t do in aversive learning. Learning & Memory, 10:306-308.
  29. Goosens, K. A. and Maren, S.  (2002). Long-term potentiation as a substrate for memory: evidence from studies of amygdaloid plasticity and Pavlovian fear conditioning. Hippocampus, 12:592-599. 
  30. Maren, S.  (2001). Neurobiology of Pavlovian fear conditioning.  Annual Review of Neuroscience, 24:897-931.
  31. Maren, S. and Holt, W.  (2000). The hippocampus and contextual memory retrieval in Pavlovian conditioning.  Behavioural Brain Research, 110:97-108. 
  32. Maren, S. (1999). Long-term potentiation in the amygdala: a mechanism for emotional learning and memory. Trends in Neurosciences, 22:561-567.
  33. Maren, S., Anagnostaras, S. G., and Fanselow, M. S.  (1998). The startled seahorse: Is the hippocampus necessary for contextual fear conditioning?  Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2:39-42. 
  34. Maren, S.  (1996).  Synaptic transmission and plasticity in the amygdala:  An emerging physiology of fear conditioning circuits.  Molecular Neurobiology, 13:1-22. 
  35. Maren, S. & Fanselow, M. S.  (1996).  The amygdala and fear conditioning:  Has the nut been cracked?  Neuron, 16:237-240. 
  36. Maren, S. & Baudry, M. (1995).  Properties and mechanisms of long-term synaptic plasticity in the mammalian brain:  Relationships to learning and memory.  Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 63:1-18. 
Research Articles
  1. Ressler, R. L., Goode, T. D., Kim, S., Ramanathan, K. R., and Maren, S. (2021). Covert capture and attenuation of a hippocampus-dependent fear memory. Nature Neuroscience, in press.
  2. Ressler, R. L., Goode, T. D., Evemy, C., and Maren, S. (2020). NMDA receptors in the CeA and BNST differentially regulate fear conditioning to predictable and unpredictable threats. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 174:107281. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2020.107281. 
  3. Giustino, T. F., Ramanathan, K. R., Totty, M. S., Miles, O. W., Maren, S. (2020). Locus coeruleus norepinephrine drives stress-induced increases in basolateral amygdala firing and impairs extinction learning. Journal of Neuroscience, 40:907-916. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1092-19.2019.
  4. Goode, T. D., Acca, G. M., and Maren, S. (2020). Threat imminence dictates the role of the bed nucleus of the stria terminals in contextual fear.  Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 167:107116. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2019.107116.
  5. Ramanathan, K. R. and Maren, S. (2019). Nucleus reuniens mediates the extinction of contextual fear conditioning. Behavioural Brain Research, 374:112114. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2019.112114
  6. Totty, M. S., Payne, M. R., Maren, S. (2019).  Event boundaries do not cause the immediate extinction deficit after Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats. Scientific Reports, 9:9459. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46010-4
  7. Giustino, T. F., Fitzgerald, P. J., and Maren, S. (2019). Locus coeruleus toggles reciprocal prefrontal firing to drive fear relapse. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(17):8570-8575. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1814278116. 
  8. Goode, T. D., Ressler, R. L., Acca, G. M., and Maren, S. (2019). Bed nucleus of the stria terminals regulates fear to unpredictable threat signals. eLife, 8. pii: e46525. doi: 10.7554/eLife.46525.
  9. Ramanathan, K. R., Jin, J., Giustino, T. F., Payne, M. R., and Maren, S. (2018). Prefrontal projections to the thalamic nucleus reuniens mediate fear extinction. Nature Communications, 9:4527.
  10. Ramanathan, K. R., Ressler, R. L., Jin, J., and Maren, S. (2018). Nucleus reuniens mediates the encoding and retrieval of precise, hippocampal-dependent contextual fear memories. Journal of Neuroscience, 38:9925-9933.
  11. Marek, R.*, Jin, J.*, Goode, T. D.* , Giustino, T. J., Wang, Q. , Acca, G. M., Holehonnur, R., Ploski, J. E., Fitzgerald, P. J., Lynagh, T. P., Lynch, J. W., Maren, S.¥, & Sah, P.¥ (2018). Hippocampus-driven feed-forward inhibition of the prefrontal cortex mediates fear relapse. Nature Neuroscience, 21:384-392. (*authors contributed equally;¥co-corresponding authors)
  12. Giustino, T. F., Seeman, J. R., Acca, G. M., Goode, T. D., Fitzgerald, P. J., and Maren, S. (2017). ß-adrenoceptor blockade in the basolateral amygdala but not the medial prefrontal cortex rescues the immediate extinction deficit in rats.  Neuropsychopharmacology, 42:2537-2544. 
  13. Goode, T. D., Holloway-Erickson, C. M., and Maren, S. (2017). Extinction after fear memory reactivation fails to eliminate renewal in rats. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 142:41-47.
  14. Prater, K. E., Aurbach, E. L., Larcinese, H. K., Turner, C. A., Blandino, P., Jr., Watson, S. J., Maren, S., Akil, H. (2017). Selectively bred rats provide a unique model of vulnerability to PTSD-like behavior and respond differentially to FGF2 augmentation early in life. Neuropsychopharmacology, 42:1706-14.
  15. Acca, G. M., Mathew, A. S., Jin, J., Maren, S., Nagaya, N. (2017). Allopregnanolone induces state-dependent fear via the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Hormones and Behavior, 89:137-44.
  16. Giustino, T. F., Fitzgerald, P. J., and Maren, S. (2016). Fear expression suppresses medial prefrontal cortical firing in rats. PLoS ONE, 11:e0165256.
  17. Wang, Q., Jin, J., and Maren, S. (2016). Renewal of extinguished fear activates ventral hippocampal neurons projecting to the prelimbic and infralimbic cortices in rats. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 134:38-43.
  18. Goode, T. D., Leong, K. C., Goodman, J., Maren, S., and Packard, M. G. (2016). Enhancement of striatum-dependent memory by conditioned fear is mediated by beta-adrenergic receptors in the basolateral amygdala. Neurobiology of Stress, 3:74-82.
  19. Nagaya, N., Acca, G. M., Maren, S. (2015). Allopregnanolone in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis modulates contextual fear in rats.  Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 9:205. 
  20. Goode, T. D., Kim, J. J., and Maren, S. (2015). Reversible inactivation of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis prevents the reinstatement but not renewal of extinguished fear. eNeuro, 2(3) e0037-15.2015 1–12.
  21. Fitzgerald, P. J., Giustino, T. F., Seemann, J. R., Maren, S. (2015). Noradrenergic blockade stabilizes prefrontal activity and enables fear extinction under stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, 112:E3729–E3737. 
  22. Jin, J. and Maren, S. (2015). Fear renewal preferentially activates ventral hippocampal neurons projecting to both amygdala and prefrontal cortex in rats. Scientific Reports, 5:8388.
  23. Goode, T. D., Kim, J. J., and Maren, S. (2015). Relapse of extinguished fear after exposure to a dangerous context is mitigated by testing in a safe context. Learning & Memory, 22:170-178.
  24. Morrow, J., D., Saunders, B. T., Maren, S., and Robinson, T. E. (2015). Sign-tracking to an appetitive cue predicts incubation of conditioned fear in rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 276:59-66.
  25. Maren, S. (2014). Fear of the unexpected:  Hippocampus mediates novelty-induced return of extinguished fear in rats. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 108:88-95. 
  26. Orsini, C. A., Yan, C., and Maren, S. (2013). Ensemble coding of context-dependent fear memory in the amygdala. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 7(199):1-8.
  27. Badrinarayan, A., Wescott, S. A., Vander Weele, C. M., Saunders, B. T. Couturier, B. E., Maren, S., and Aragona, B. J. (2012). Aversive stimuli differentially modulate real-time dopamine transmission dynamics within the nucleus accumbens core and shell. Journal of Neuroscience, 32:15779-15790.
  28. Knapska, E., Macias, M., Mikosz, M., Nowak, A., Owczarek, D., Wawrzyniak, M., Pieprzyk, M., Cymerman, I. A., Werka, T., Sheng, M., Maren, S., Jaworski, J., and Kaczmarek, L. (2012). Functional anatomy of neural circuits regulating fear and extinction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109:17093-17098.
  29. Knox, D., George, S. A., Fitzpatrick, C. J., Rabinak, C. A., Maren, S., and Liberzon, I. (2012). Single prolonged stress disrupts retention of extinguished fear in rats. Learning & Memory, 19:43-49.
  30. Orsini, C. A., Kim, J. H., Knapska, E. and Maren, S. (2011). Hippocampal and prefrontal projections to the basal amygdala mediate contextual regulation of fear after extinction. Journal of Neuroscience, 31:17269-77. 
  31. Chang, C. H. and Maren, S. (2011). Medial prefrontal cortical activation facilitates re-extinction of fear in rats. Learning & Memory, 18:221-225.
  32. Morrow, J. D., Maren, S., and Robinson, T. E. (2011). Individual variation in the propensity to attribute incentive salience to an appetitive cue predicts the propensity to attribute motivational salience to an aversive cue. Behavioural Brain Research,220:238-243. 
  33. Zimmerman, J. M. and Maren, S. (2011). The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis is required for contextual but not auditory freezing in rats with basolateral amygdala lesions. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 95:199-205. 
  34. Chang, C. H., Berke, J. D., and Maren, S. (2010). Single-unit activity in the medial prefrontal cortex during immediate and delayed extinction of fear in rats. PLoS ONE, 5(8). pii: e11971. 
  35. Chang, C. H. and Maren, S. (2010). Strain difference in the effect of infralimbic cortical lesions on fear extinction in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 124:391-397. 
  36. Zimmerman, J. M. and Maren, S.  (2010). NMDA receptor antagonism in the basolateral but not central amygdala blocks the extinction of Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats. European Journal of Neuroscience, 31:1664-1670. 
  37. Knapska, E., Mikosz, M., Werka, T. F. and Maren, S. (2010). Social modulation of learning in rats. Learning & Memory, 17:35-42.
  38. Jimenez, S. A. and Maren, S. (2009).Nuclear disconnection within the amygdala reveals a direct pathway to fear. Learning & Memory, 16:766-768. 
  39. Rabinak, C. A.,Orsini C. A., Zimmerman, J. M. and Maren, S. (2009). The amygdala is not necessary for US inflation after Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats. Learning & Memory, 16:645-654.
  40. Orsini, C. A. and Maren, S. (2009). Glutamate receptors in the medial geniculate nucleus are necessary for expression and extinction of conditioned fear in rats. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 92:581-589. 
  41. Knapska, E. and Maren, S. (2009). Reciprocal patterns of c-fos expression in the medial prefrontal cortex and amygdala after extinction and renewal of conditioned fear. Learning & Memory, 16:486-493.
  42. Chang, C. H., Knapska, E., Orsini, C. A., Rabinak, C. A., Zimmerman, J. M., and Maren, S.  (2009). Fear extinction in rodents. Current Protocols in Neuroscience, 8.23.
  43. Chang, C. H. and Maren, S. (2009). Early extinction after fear conditioning yields a context-independent and short-term suppression of conditional freezing in rats. Learning & Memory, 16:62-68. 
  44. Serrano, P. Friedman, E. L., Kenney, J., Taubenfeld, S. M., Zimmerman, J. M., Alberini, C., Kelley, A. E., Maren, S., Rudy, J. W., Yin, J. C. P., Sacktor, T. C., and Fenton, A. A. (2008). PKMζ maintains spatial, instrumental, and classically-conditioned long-term memories. PLOS Biology, 6:2698-2706. 
  45. Rabinak, C. A. and Maren, S. (2008). Associative structure of fear memory after basolateral amygdala lesions in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 122:1284-94. 
  46. Ji, J. and Maren, S. (2008). Lesions of the entorhinal cortex or fornix disrupt the context-dependence of fear extinction in rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 194:201-206. 
  47. Ji, J. and Maren, S. (2008). Differential roles for hippocampal areas CA1 and CA3 in the contextual encoding and retrieval of extinguished fear. Learning & Memory, 15:244-251. 
  48. Zimmerman, J. M., Rabinak, C. A., McLachlan, I. G. and Maren, S. (2007). The central nucleus of the amygdala is essential for acquiring and expressing conditional fear after overtraining.  Learning & Memory, 14:634-644.
  49. Maren, S. and Hobin, J. A. (2007). Hippocampal regulation of context-dependent neuronal activity in the lateral amygdala. Learning & Memory, 14:318-324. 
  50. Maren, S. and Chang, C. H. (2006). Recent fear is resistant to extinction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 103:18020-18025.
  51. Venton, J. B., Robinson, T. E., and Kennedy, R. T., Maren, S. (2006). Dynamic increases in glutamate and GABA in the basolateral amygdala during acquisition and expression of conditioned fear. European Journal of Neuroscience, 23:3391-3398. 
  52. Merino, S. M. and Maren, S. (2006). Hitting Ras where it counts: Ras antagonism in the basolateral amygdala inhibits long-term fear memory. European Journal of Neuroscience, 23: 196-204. 
  53. Hobin, J. A., Ji, J. and Maren, S. (2006). Ventral hippocampal inactivation with muscimol disrupts context-specific fear memory retrieval. Hippocampus, 16:174-182. 
  54. Garcia, R., Chang, C. H., and Maren, S. (2006). Electrolytic lesions of the medial prefrontal cortex do not interfere with long-term memory of extinction of conditioned fear. Learning & Memory, 13:14-17. 
  55. Briand, L. A., Robinson, T. E., and Maren, S. (2005). Enhancement of auditory fear conditioning by environmental complexity is attenuated by prior amphetamine sensitization. Learning & Memory, 12:553-556. 
  56. Corcoran, K. A., Desmond, T. J., Frey, K. A. and Maren, S. (2005). Hippocampal inactivation disrupts the acquisition and contextual encoding of fear extinction. Journal of Neuroscience, 25:8978-8987. 
  57. Ji, J. and Maren, S. (2005). Electrolytic lesions of the dorsal hippocampus disrupt renewal of conditional fear after extinction. Learning & Memory, 12:270-276. 
  58. Corcoran, K. A. and Maren, S. (2004). Factors regulating the effects of hippocampal inactivation on renewal of fear after extinction. Learning & Memory, 11:598-603. 
  59. Goosens, K. A. and Maren, S. (2004).  NMDA receptor blockade prevents the acquisition, but not expression, of conditional fear and associative spike firing in the lateral amygdala. European Journal of Neuroscience, 20:537-548.
  60. Bhatnagar, S., Sun, L. M., Raber, J., Maren, S., Julius, D., and Dallman, M. F. (2004). Changes in anxiety-related behaviors and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity in mice lacking the 5-HT-3A receptor. Physiology & Behavior, 81:545-555. 
  61. Maren, S. and Holt, W. G. (2004). Hippocampus and Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats: Muscimol infusions into the ventral, but not dorsal, hippocampus impair the acquisition of conditional freezing to an auditory conditional stimulus. Behavioral Neuroscience, 118:97-110. 
  62. Maren, S., Ferrario, C., Corcoran, K. A., Desmond, T. J., Frey, K. (2003). Protein synthesis in the amygdala, but not the auditory thalamus, is required for Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats. European Journal of Neuroscience, 18:3080-3088. 
  63. Hobin, J. A., Goosens, K. A., and Maren, S. (2003). Context-dependent neuronal activity in the lateral amygdala represents fear memories after extinction. Journal of Neuroscience, 23:8410-8416. 
  64. Goosens, K. A. and Maren, S.  (2003). Pretraining NMDA receptor blockade in the basolateral complex, but not the central nucleus, of the amygdala prevents savings of conditional fear. Behavioral Neuroscience, 117:738-750. 
  65. Goosens, K. A., Hobin, J. A., and Maren, S. (2003). Auditory-evoked spike firing in the lateral amygdala and Pavlovian fear conditioning: Mnemonic code or fear bias? Neuron, 40:1013-1022. 
  66. Corcoran, K. A., Lu, Y., Turner, R. S., and Maren, S. (2002). Overexpression of hAPPswe impairs rewarded alternation and contextual fear conditioning in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. Learning & Memory, 9:243-252. 
  67. Jones, D. M., Esmaeil, N., Maren, S., Macdonald, R. L. (2002). Characterization of pharmacoresistance to benzodiazepines in the rat Li-pilocarpine model of status epilepticus.  Epilepsy Research, 50:301-312
  68. Maren, S.  (2001). Is there savings for Pavlovian fear conditioning after neurotoxic basolateral amygdala lesions in rats? Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 76:268-283. 
  69. Goosens, K. A. and Maren, S. (2001). Contextual and auditory fear conditioning are mediated by the lateral, basal, and central amygdaloid nuclei in rats. Learning & Memory, 8:148-155. 
  70. Maren, S, Yap, S. A., and Goosens, K. A.  (2001). The amygdala is essential for the development of neuronal plasticity in the medial geniculate nucleus during auditory fear conditioning in rats. Journal of Neuroscience, 21:RC135 (1-6). 
  71. Corcoran, K. A. and Maren, S.  (2001). Hippocampal inactivation disrupts contextual retrieval of fear memory after extinction.  Journal of Neuroscience, 21:1720-1726. 
  72. Gupta, R. R., Sen, S., Diepenhorst, L. L., Rudick, C., and Maren, S.  (2001). Estrogen modulates sexually dimorphic contextual fear conditioning and hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in rats.  Brain Research, 888:356-365. 
  73. Crombag, H., Badiani, A., Maren, S., and Robinson, T. E. (2000). The role of contextual versus discrete cues associated with drug administration in the induction of psychomotor sensitization to intravenous amphetamine.  Behavioural Brain Research, 116:1-22. 
  74. Maren, S.  (2000). Auditory fear conditioning increases CS-elicited spike firing in lateral amygdala neurons even after extensive overtraining.  European Journal of Neuroscience, 12:4047-4054.
  75. Goosens, K. A., Holt, W., and Maren, S. (2000). A role for amygdaloid PKA and PKC in the acquisition of conditional fear memories in rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 114:145-152. 
  76. Anagnostaras, S. G., Maren, S., Sage, J. R., Goodrich, S., & Fanselow, M. S.  (1999). Scopolamine and Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats: Dose-effect analysis.  Neuropsychopharmacology, 21:731-744. 
  77. Holt, W. and Maren, S.  (1999). Muscimol inactivation of the dorsal hippocampus impairs contextual retrieval of fear memories. Journal of Neuroscience, 19:9054-9062. 
  78. Maren, S. (1999). Neurotoxic basolateral amygdala lesions impair learning and memory but not the performance of conditional fear in rats.  Journal of Neuroscience, 19:8696-8703. 
  79. Maren, S. (1999). Neurotoxic or electrolytic lesions of the ventral subiculum produce deficits in the acquisition and expression of Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats.  Behavioral Neuroscience, 113:283-290. 
  80. Anagnostaras, S. G., Maren, S., & Fanselow, M. S.  (1999). Temporally-graded retrograde amnesia of contextual fear after hippocampal damage in rats: Within-subjects examination. Journal of Neuroscience, 19:1106-1114. 
  81. Maren, S.  (1998). Effects of 7-nitroindazole, a neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) inhibitor, on locomotor activity and contextual fear conditioning in rats.  Brain Research, 804:155-158. 
  82. Rosen, J. B., Fanselow, M. S., Young, S. L., Sitcoske, M., & Maren, S.  (1998). Immediate-early gene expression in the amygdala following footshock stress and contextual fear conditioning.  Brain Research, 796:132-142. 
  83. Maren, S. and Fanselow, M. S.  (1998). Appetitive motivational states differ in their ability to augment aversive fear conditioning in rats.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 24:369-373.
  84. Anagnostaras, S. G., Maren, S., Schlinger, B. A., DeCola, J. P., Lane, N. I., Gale, G. D., & Fanselow, M. S.  (1998). Testicular hormones do not regulate sexually dimorphic Pavlovian fear conditioning or perforant-path long-term potentiation in adult male rats.  Behavioural Brain Research, 92:1-9. 
  85. De Oca, B. M., DeCola, J. P., Maren, S., & Fanselow, M. S.  (1998). The role of the periaqueductal grey in learned and unlearned fear.  Journal of Neuroscience, 18:3426-3432. 
  86. Maren, S.  (1998). Overtraining does not mitigate contextual fear conditioning deficits produced by neurotoxic lesions of the basolateral amygdala.  Journal of Neuroscience, 18:3088-3097. 
  87. Maren, S., Aharonov, G., & Fanselow, M. S.  (1997). Neurotoxic lesions of the dorsal hippocampus and Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats.  Behavioural Brain Research, 88:261-274. 
  88. Kim, J. J., Shih, J. C., Chen, K., Chen, L., Bao, S., Shin, M. J., Maren, S., Anagnostaras, S. G., Fanselow, M. S., & Thompson, R. F.  (1997).  Selective enhancement of emotional, but not motor, learning in monoamine oxidase A-deficient transgenic mice.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 94:5929-5933. 
  89. Maren, S. & Fanselow, M. S.  (1997).  Electrolytic lesions of the fimbria/fornix, dorsal hippocampus, or entorhinal cortex produce anterograde deficits in contextual fear conditioning in rats.  Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 67:142-149. 
  90. Maren, S., Aharonov, G., Stote, D. L., & Fanselow, M. S. (1996). N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in the basolateral amygdala are required for both the acquisition and expression of conditional fear in rats.  Behavioral Neuroscience, 110:1365-1374. 
  91. Maren, S., Aharonov, G., & Fanselow, M. S.  (1996).  Retrograde abolition of conditional fear after excitotoxic lesions in the basolateral amygdala of rats:  Absence of a temporal gradient.  Behavioral Neuroscience, 110:718-726. 
  92. Maren, S. & Fanselow, M. S. (1995).  Synaptic plasticity in the basolateral amygdala induced by hippocampal formation stimulation in vivoJournal of Neuroscience, 15:7548-7564. 
  93. Anagnostaras, S. G., Maren, S., & Fanselow, M. S. (1995).  Scopolamine selectively disrupts the acquisition of contextual fear conditioning in rats.  Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 64:191-194. 
  94. Maren, S. (1995).  Sexually dimorphic perforant path long-term potentiation (LTP) in urethane-anesthetized rats.  Neuroscience Letters, 196:177-180. 
  95. Maren, S., De Oca, B., & Fanselow, M. S. (1994).  Sex differences in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and Pavlovian fear conditioning in rats:  Positive correlation between LTP and contextual learning.  Brain Research, 661:25-34. 
  96. Maren, S., Tocco, G., Chavanne, F., Thompson, R. F., Baudry, M., & Mitchell, D. (1994).  Emergence neophobia predicts hippocampal and cortical [3H]AMPA binding in rats.  Behavioral and Neural Biology, 62:68-72. 
  97. Maren, S., DeCola, J. P., & Fanselow, M. S. (1994).  Water deprivation enhances fear conditioning to contextual, but not discrete, conditional stimuli in rats.  Behavioral Neuroscience, 108:645-649. 
  98. Maren, S., DeCola, J. P., Swain, R. A., Fanselow, M. S., & Thompson, R. F. (1994).  Parallel augmentation of hippocampal long-term potentiation, theta rhythm, and contextual fear conditioning in water-deprived rats.  Behavioral Neuroscience, 108:44-56. 
  99. Maren, S., Tocco, G., Standley, S., Baudry, M., & Thompson, R. F. (1993).  Postsynaptic factors in the expression of long-term potentiation (LTP): Increased glutamate receptor binding following LTP induction in vivo.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 90:9654-9658. 
  100. Mitchell, D., Maren, S., & Hwang, R. (1993). The effects of hippocampal lesions on two neotic choice tasks.  Psychobiology, 21:193-202. 
  101. Maren, S., Patel, K., Thompson, R. F., & Mitchell, D. (1993).  Individual differences in emergence neophobia predict magnitude of perforant path long-term potentiation (LTP) and plasma corticosterone levels in rats.  Psychobiology, 21:2-10. 
  102. Maren, S., Baudry, M., & Thompson, R. F. (1992).  Effects of the novel NMDA receptor antagonist, CGP 39551, on field potentials and the induction and expression of LTP in the dentate gyrus in vivo.  Synapse, 11:221-228. 
  103. Tocco, G., Maren, S., Shors, T. J., Baudry, M., & Thompson, R. F. (1992).  Long-term potentiation is associated with increased [3H]AMPA binding in rat hippocampus.  Brain Research, 573:228-234. 
  104. Schreiber, S. S., Maren, S., Tocco, G., Shors, T. J., & Thompson, R. F. (1991).  A negative correlation between the induction of long-term potentiation and the activation of immediate early genes.  Molecular Brain Research, 11:89-91. 
  105. Maren, S., Poremba, A., & Gabriel, M. (1991).  Basolateral amygdaloid multi-unit neuronal correlates of discriminative avoidance learning in rabbits.  Brain Research, 549:311-316. 
  106. Maren, S., Baudry, M., & Thompson, R. F. (1991).  Differential effects of ketamine and MK-801 on the induction of long-term potentiation.  Neuroreport, 2:239-242. 
Book Chapters and Encyclopedia Entries
  1. Goode, T. D., Jin, J., and Maren, S. (2018). Neural circuits for fear relapse. In. S. Sangha & D. Foti (Eds)., Neurobiology of Abnormal Emotion and Motivated Behaviors. Elsevier.
  2. Maren, S. (2017). Emotional learning: animals. In H. Eichenbaum (Ed.), Memory Systems. Vol. [3] of Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference, 2nd Ed., 4 vols. (J. H. Byrne Editor), pp. [391-410] Oxford: Elsevier.
  3. Maren, S. (2016). Neural circuits for context processing in aversive learning and memory. In I. Liberzon & K. Ressler (Eds)., Neurobiology of PTSD: From Brain to Mind. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
  4. Maren, S. (2014). Amygdala: contributions to fear. In M. J. Caplan (Ed.), Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences, Elsevier, Ireland.
  5. Rabinak, C. A. and Maren, S. (2010).  Amygdala. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology, 4th Ed, Volume 1. John Wiley & Sons, DOI:10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0051, pp. 87-89. 
  6. Maren, S. (2009). Amygdala: contributions to fear. In Squire, L. R. (Ed) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Academic Press, Oxford.
  7. Maren, S. (2008). Emotional learning: animals. In H. Eichenbaum (Ed.), Memory Systems. Vol. [3] of Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference, 4 vols. (J. H. Byrne Editor), pp. [475-502] Oxford: Elsevier.
  8. Maren, S. (2003). Learning theory: current status. In Learning and Memory, 2nd Edition (Ed. J. H. Byrne). MacMillan Reference USA: Farmington Hills, MI. pp. 329-331.
  9. Maren, S. (2001). Multiple roles for synaptic plasticity in Pavlovian fear conditioning.  In:  C. Holscher (ed.), Neuronal mechanisms of memory formation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 77-99.
Commentaries
  1. Maren, S. (2020). Faculty Opinions Recommendation of [Kim WB and Cho JH, Nat Commun 2020 11(1):1382]. In Faculty Opinions, 13 Aug 2020; 10.3410/f.737540199.793577233.
  2. Maren, S. (2020). Faculty Opinions Recommendation of [Jo YS et al., Nat Commun 2020 11(1):422]. In Faculty Opinions; 10.3410/f.737243829.793570180.
  3. Maren, S. (2019). Faculty Opinions Recommendation of [Zhu Y et al., Science 2018 362(6413):423-429]. In Faculty Opinions, 10.3410/f.734290305.793566033.
  4. Maren, S. (2019). Faculty Opinions Recommendation of [Lacagnina AF et al., Nat Neurosci 2019 22(5):753-761]. In Faculty Opinions; 10.3410/f.735427704.793561357.
  5. Maren, S. (2019). Faculty Opinions Recommendation of [Baek J et al., Nature 2019 566(7744):339-343]. In Faculty Opinions; 10.3410/f.735091336.793557035.
  6. Maren, S. (2018). Faculty Opinions Recommendation of [Groessl F et al., Nat Neurosci 2018 21(7):952-962]. In Faculty Opinions; 10.3410/f.733510126.793551024.
  7. Maren, S. (2018). Faculty Opinions Recommendation of [Debiec J and Sullivan RM, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2014 111(33):12222-12227]. In Faculty Opinions; 10.3410/f.718509054.793547697.
  8. Maren, S. (2018). Faculty Opinions Recommendation of [Hollis F et al., Eneuro 2016 3(5)]. In Faculty Opinions; 10.3410/f.726993273.793545069.
  9. Maren, S. (2018). Faculty Opinions Recommendation of [Jimenez JC et al., Neuron 2018 97(3):670-683.e6]. In Faculty Opinions; 10.3410/f.732582370.793543275.
  10. Giustino, T. F. and Maren, S. (2017). Chandelier cells illuminate inhibitory control of prefrontal-amygdala output. Trends in Neurosciences, 40:640-642.
  11. Maren, S. (2017). Synapse-specific encoding of fear memory in the amygdala. Neuron, 95:988-990.
  12. Maren, S. (2016). Parsing reward and aversion in the amygdala. Neuron, 90:209-211.
  13. Nagaya, N. and Maren, S. (2015). Sex, steroids, and fear. Biological Psychiatry, 78:152-3.
  14. Maren, S. (2015). Facing our fears. [Review of the book Anxious: Using the Brain to Understand and Treat Fear and Anxiety, by J. LeDoux]. Science, 349:39.
  15. Maren, S. (2013). Putting the brakes on fear. Neuron, 80:837-838.
  16. Maren, S. (2010). Breaking down fear memory.  European Journal of Neuroscience, 31:2032.
  17. Maren, S. (2009). An acid-sensing channel sows fear and panic.  Cell, 139:867-869.
  18. Maren, S. (2005). Central and basolateral amygdala neurons crash the aversive conditioning party: Theoretical comment on Rorick-Kehn and Steinmetz (2005). Behavioral Neuroscience, 119:1406-1410.
  19. Maren, S. (2001). Stephen A. Maren – Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology. American Psychologist, 56:899-901.
  20. Maren, S. (2000). Does the basolateral amygdala store memories for emotional events? Reply to Vazdarjanova.  Trends in Neurosciences, 23:345-346.
  21. Maren, S. (1997).  Arousing the LTP and learning debate.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 20:622-623.
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